The Graduate Records Examination abbreviated as the GRE is a standardized test that plays an important role in the graduate school or B-school application process. The GRE is owned, developed and administered by Educational Testing Service(ETS).
The test intends to measure the verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, and critical thinking skills of the candidates that have been acquired over a long period of learning. The GRE also intends to provide graduate and business schools with common measures for comparing applicants’ qualifications and preparedness for graduate-level academic work.
The GRE is offered as a computer-based standardized exam as well as a paper-based examination administered at testing centres and institution owned or authorized by Prometric. However, the paper-based tests are only offered where the computer testing is unavailable. The computer-based GRE has six sections, two verbal reasoning sections, two quantitative reasoning sections, one analytical writing section and one section which will be either the experimental section or the research section. The first section is always the analytical writing section which involves two separately timed issue and argument tasks. The next five section can appear in any order. The experimental section does not count towards the final score but is not distinguished from the scored sections, therefore, you should treat each section as if it counts toward your score. The GRE at the present form is adaptive at the level of the section and not at the level of questions (like the GMAT). Your first math section will be of moderate difficulty, as will your first verbal section. Depending on how you perform on this first section, you will either see a harder, medium, or easier second section. In other words, the questions within each section do not change depending on whether you’re answering them correctly or not; only the second full set of 20 questions does.
The GRE allows the candidate to freely move back and forth between questions within each section, and the testing software allows the candidate to “mark” questions within each section for later review if time remains. The entire testing procedure lasts about 3 hours 45 minutes. One-minute breaks are offered after each section and a 10-minute break after the third section.
|Section||Duration||Number of Question(s)||Question Type|
|Analytical Writing||30 minutes for each task.||2 tasks||Analysis of an Issue and Analysis of an Argument.|
|Verbal Reasoning Section (2 sections)||30 minutes for each section||20 questions in each section||Reading Comprehension, Text Completion, Sentence Equivalence|
|Quantitative Reasoning (2 sections)||35 minutes for each section.||20 questions in each section||Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Data Sufficiency|
|Unscored Section||Time Varies||Question Varies||Verbal or Quantitative Reasoning Section|
|Research Section||Time Varies||Question Varies||Varies|
The GRE scaled scores for Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning are based on two sections each: two math sections and two verbal sections, and range between 130 to 170 in one-point increments. An examinee can miss one or more questions on a multiple-choice section and still receive a perfect score of 170. Likewise, even if no question is answered correctly, 130 is the lowest possible score. Along with the scaled scores the candidate also receives a percentile rank which rates your performance relative to that of a large sample population of other GRE takers. Percentile scores tell graduate schools just what your scaled scores are worth.
The Analytical Writing section which consists of two essays is graded on a scale of 0-6, in half-point increments. Each essay is scored by at least two readers on a six-point scale. If the two scores are within one point, then the average of the scores is taken. Otherwise a third reader examines the response.
There is no negative marking in the GRE.
When considering your GRE goals, look at the requirements at the graduate or business school you are planning to apply to. Many graduate schools in the United States require GRE results as part of the admissions process. In addition to GRE scores, admission to graduate schools depends on several other factors, such as GPA, letters of recommendation, and statements of purpose. Moreover, the use and weight of GRE scores vary considerably not only from school to school but also from department to department and program to program.
The questions asked in the Verbal section of the GRE can be classified according to three types; Reading Comprehension, Text Completion, Sentence Equivalence.
Each verbal section consists of about 6 text completion, 4 sentence equivalence, and 10 reading comprehension questions.
Reading Comprehension or RC: RC questions are based on passages from different sectors and areas. The RC questions require you to comprehend passages, read between the lines and understand their central ideas to draw valid inferences from it.
Text Completion: The questions asked in this section intends to assess your vocabulary by expecting you to fill in the blanks to complete sentences.
Sentence Equivalence: This section tests your ability to complete a paragraph based on incomplete information. You need to choose two ways to complete the sentence that have the same meaning while also being grammatically correct.
The Quantitative Reasoning section tries to assess basic high school level mathematical knowledge and reasoning skills of the candidates.
Each quantitative section consists of about 8 quantitative comparisons, 9 problem solving items, and 3 data interpretation questions.
Quantitative Comparison: The questions asked under this tries to assess the test-takers ability to compare two quantities and identify the relationship between the two.
Problem Solving Questions: These questions basically assess the test-takers math foundation.
Data Interpretation Questions: These are questions associated with graphs and charts.
The important topics for the Quantitative Reasoning Section are:
- Numbers and Exponents
- Linear and Quadratic equations.
- Ratio, proportion and variation.
- Percentage, profit and loss, discount.
- Time, Speed Distance and Work.
- Geometry and Mensuration.
- Functions, Graphs, Co-ordinate geometry.
- Probability, permutation and combination.
- Venn diagram and Statistics.
The Analytical Writing section assesses how well the test-takers can articulate complex ideas in an effective and precise manner. The GRE syllabus for the AW section is basically divided into two tasks;
Analysis of an Issue: In this, you will read an opinion on a topic of general interest and be given instructions on how to respond to the issue at hand. You will be expected to think critically about a topic of general interest and to clearly express your thoughts about it in writing.
Analysis of an Argument: Here you will need to consider an argument according to instructions given in the prompt and you are expected to understand, analyse and evaluate the argument and to clearly convey your evaluation in writing.
The tasks in the GRE Analytical Writing section is related to a broad range of topics such as fine arts, physical science, humanities, and more. However, you do not require knowledge on a specific topic. Regardless of your field of study or interests, you will be able to understand the tasks.
A caveat has to be put here that there is no fixed “syllabus” as such for an exam like the GRE. So the above at best is indicative and not exhaustive, and therefore must be taken with a pinch of salt.
The GRE is open to candidates around the world and across the various academic disciplines and streams. However, there are some minimum criteria that an aspirant has to meet in order to be eligible to sit for the GRE.
There is no minimum age requirement that candidates have to meet to become eligible to take the GRE.
Any candidate from any discipline can write the GRE.
A student can write the GRE for a maximum of 5 times in a year with a gap of 21 days.
It is necessary to have a valid passport to write the GRE. GRE exam eligibility criteria in India consider the passport as the only ID proof.
Although, the GRE might have minimal eligibility criteria, but the various universities, institutes, graduate schools however would have their own requirements which candidates would have to meet. In addition to GRE scores, admission to graduate schools depends on several other factors, such as GPA, letters of recommendation, and statements of purpose. Most business schools and economics programs around the globe require very high GRE scores for entry.
The GRE conducted by the Educational Testing Service(ETS) is conducted all year along and candidates can book a slot according to their preference and subject to the availability of test centres. However, if a candidate wants to retake the GRE, then he or she has to wait for 21 days to elapse after his or her previous attempt.
The GRE is offered as a computer-based standardized exam as well as a paper-based examination administered at testing centres and institution owned or authorized by Prometric. However, the paper-based tests are only offered where the computer testing is unavailable. The test centres in India are located in the following cities:
The examination fees for the GRE in India is $213 which roughly translates to 15840 INR. The fees to reschedule or to change the centre is $50 or roughly 3720 INR.
CUT OFF FOR TOP B-SCHOOLS
|4||University of Pennsylvania(Wharton)||USA||USA||320+|
|5||London Business School||UK||USA||320+|
|6||University of Chicago (Booth)||USA||USA||320+|
|7||Massachusetts Institute of Technology(Sloan)||USA||USA||320+|
|8||Columbia Business School||USA||USA||320+|
|9||Yale School of Management||USA||USA||330+|
|1||Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore||EPGP||325+|
|2||Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad||PGPX||330+|
|3||Indian School of Business, Hyderabad and Mohali||PGP||320+|
|4||SP Jain Institute of Management and Research||MGB||310+|
All the cut-off scores mentioned above is at best indicative. These scores can help you set a benchmark so that you can start your preparation accordingly.
GLOBAL MBA RANKINGS
Every year the Financial Times, conducts a highly precise quantitative and qualitative research and comes out with the top 100 MBA colleges in the world. In the 2021 ranking, five Indian B-schools found their place among the very best B-schools of the world. Indian School of Business was at the 23rd position globally, IIM Bangalore at the 35th position, IIM Calcutta at the 44th position, IIM Ahmedabad at the 48th position and IIM Indore at the 94th position. INSEAD, France led the Global ranking, with London Business School and University of Chicago(Booth) at the 2nd and 3rd position respectively. It must be noted that the Financial Times Global MBA rankings only take into consideration 1-year MBA programs, where prior work experience is a necessary admission criterion.
Have a look at their rankings:
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